Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis

Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis

Understand the various potential symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis that can cause flares.

Ulcerative Colitis is an autoimmune condition, meaning a condition where the body’s immune system attacks healthy cells in the body. It is a type of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) that causes ulcers (sores) in the superficial lining of the colon and rectum.

Bowel Symptoms

  • Diarrhea
  • Bloody bowel movements
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sensation of incomplete
    emptying after a bowel
    movement
  • Urgency to pass bowel
    movements
  • Constipation
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Weight loss

Inflammatory bowel disease causes a variety of symptoms both in the bowel and outside the bowel. It is also characterized by flares and remissions. A flare is the reappearance or worsening of symptoms. There may be long periods when you do not experience any discomfort in between flare-ups or active disease symptoms. These periods are called remission. It causes a variety of symptoms both in the bowel and outside the bowel.

Non-Bowel InvolvementSymptoms
Skin condition called Erythema NodosumTender red bumps typically on the shins
Skin condition called Pyoderma
Gangrenosum
Skin lesions that join and form deep
chronic ulcers
ArthritisPain and swelling involving mostly the
large joints such as knees and hips
Eye conditionsRedness, itching, sensitivity to light, vision
loss
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC), a
rare condition causing inflammation of
the bile ducts which carry bile from the
liver to break down fats
Fatigue, itching, fevers, chills, night
sweats
Anemia, which is lack of enough healthy
red blood cells
Weakness, shortness of breath, irregular
heartbeats
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